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More information on some input arrays can be found when moving the cursor above the corresponding field in the questionnaire. Those fields are also explained in the glossary.

CALMET/CALPUFF: The CALPUFF Modeling System

General information

Model name and version

short nameCALMET/CALPUFF
full nameThe CALPUFF Modeling System
revision
date
last change

Responsible for this information

nameGodlowska Jolanta
instituteInstitute Meteorology and Water Management
address Kraków Borowego 14
zip30
city215 Kraków
countryPoland
phone48 12 6472400
fax
e-mailzigodlow(belongs-to)cyf-kr.edu.pl

Additional information on the model

Contact person for model code

same as person above
nameBurzynski Jerzy
institutenstitute Meteorology and Water Management
divisionsDivision for Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere
streetBorowego 14
zip30-215 Kraków
cityKrakow
countryPoland
phone48 12 6472400
emailziburzyn@cyf-kr.edu.pl
fax

Model developer and model user

developer and usermodel user - Institute Meteorology and Water Management, Division for Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere Krakow Poland model developer - TRC Companies, The Atmospheric Studies Group, http://www.src.com/calpuff/calpuff1.htm

Level of Knowledge needed to operate model

basic
intermediate
advanced
remarks

Model use at your institution

operational
for research
other use

Model code available?

is available?yes
more details

Minimum computer resources required

typePC Windows
time needed for run1 year/6 hours for CALMET
storage1 year /3GB for CALMET

Further information

documentationCALMET User's Guide.pdf CALPUFF User's Guide.pdf
model references
webpagewww.src.com/verio/download/download.htm
additional information

Model properties

Model type

2D
3D
meteorology
chemistry & transport

Model scale

microscale
mesoscale
macroscale
short term
long term

Meteorological variables

PrognosticDiagnostic
u
v
w
ζ
pv
T
θ
θl
p
Gph
ρ
qv
qt
qlc
qf
qsc
qlr
qsh
qsg
qss
N
E
ε
K
zi
other variables i
other variables ii
other variables iii

Chemical substances

PrognosticDiagnosticDry depositionWet depositionInput data
SO2
NO
NO2
NOX
NH3
HNO3
O3
CH4
DMS
H2O2
VOC
C6H6
HCHO
CO
CO2
POP
PM 10
PM 2.5
PPM10
PM 0.1
PM 1
NH4
SO4
dust
sea salt
BC
POM
SOA
NO3
Other gases
1st radioactivity
2nd radioactivity
3rd radioactivity
Cd
Pb
other heavymetals
pesticides
1st radioactivity
2nd radioactivity
3rd radioactivity
remarks

Approximations

Boussinesq
anelastic
hydrostatic
flat earth
remarksCALMET is a diagnostic 3-dimensional meteorological model; it iterpolate meteorological data (surface and radiosoundins)also using kinematic effects, slope flow, blocking effects. It includes divergency minimization procedure and micrometeorological model for overland and overwater boundary layers. In Krakow we replace radiosoundings by data from ALADIN/PL.

Parametrizations

Meteorology

turbulence schemebased on similarity theory or Parsquill-Gifford-Turner class
deep convection
surface exchangeOverland Holtslag and van Ulden (1983)during unstable conditions and Weil and Brower (1983)based on Venkatram (1980)during stable conditions
surface temperatureinterpolation
surface humidity
radiationHoltslag and van Ulden (1983)
unresolved orographic drag
radiation in vegetation
radiation between obstacles
treatment of obstacles
clouds / rain
remarks

Chemistry & transport

photolysis rate
dry depositionThe CALPUFF dry deposition model based on the dry deposition resistance model (Slinn et al. 1978)
wet depositionThe empirically-based scavenging coefficient method (e.g. Maul 1980)
remarksCALMET User's Guide.pdf and CALPUFF User's Guide.pdf www.src.com/verio/download/download.htm

Chemical reactions

Gas & wet phase chemistry

chemical transformations calculated
chemical transformations neglected
otheror neglected
gas phase chemistry (give details)
wet phase chemistry (give details)
more information

Aerosol chemistry

passive aerosol
dry aerosol
wet aerosol
sectional approach
modal approach
other
nucleation
coagulation
condensation
aerosol mixing
aerosol ageing
primary aerosol formation
aerosol-gas phase interactions
optical properties
give detailsA pseudo-first-order chemical reaction mechanism for the convesion SO2 to SO4-- and NOx to NO3- based on scheme used in the MESOPUFF II model (Scire et al. 1984) or The RIVAD/ARM3 scheme (Morris et al. 1988)for clear non-urban areas. CALPUFF User's Guide.pdf www.src.com/verio/download/download.htm

Initialization & boundary treatment

Initialization

chemistry & transport
meteorology

Input data (name sources for data, e.g. website)

orographyUSGS
land useUSGS
obstacles
vegetation
meteorologysurface data from synoptic station radiosounding data
concentrationshourly ozone data
emissionspoint, buoyant area, line, volume source emission,
remarksIn Krakow we replace radiosoundings by data from ALADIN/PL.

Data assimilation

MeteorologyChemistry & transport
nudging technique
adjoint model
3D-VAR
4D-VAR
OI
detailsThe objective analysis procedure

Boundary conditions

MeteorologyChemistry & transport
surface
top
lateral inflow
lateral outflow

Nesting

MeteorologyChemistry & transport
one way
two way
other
variables nested
nesting online
nesting offline
data exchange by array
data exchange by file
time step for data exchange
explain method
variables nested
other

Solution technique

Coordinate system and projection

Horizontal

cartesian
Lambert conformal
latitude / longitude
rotated lat. / long.

Vertical

z coordinate
surface fitted grid
pressurecoordinate
sigma coordinate
remarksThe terrain-following vertical coordinate system The Lambert conformal grid for the large domain

Numeric

Meteorology

Grid

Arakawa A
Arakawa B
Arakawa C
Arakawa D
Arakawa E
uniform grid
nonuniform grid
Euler

Time integration

explicit
split-explicit
semi-implicit
other

Spatial discretisation

momentum equations
scalar quantities
additional information
other

Chemistry & transport

Grid

Arakawa A
Arakawa B
Arakawa C
Arakawa D
Arakawa E
uniform grid
nonuniform grid
Euler
Lagrange
Gauss

Time integration

explicit
split-explicit
semi-implicit
time step same as meteorology
other

Spatial discretisation

scalar quantities
additional information
other
chemistry solver

Model resolution

Meteorology

HorizontalVertical
max11000
min120

Chemistry & transport

HorizontalVertical
max1
min1

Domain size

Meteorology

HorizontalVertical
max2002500
min1002500

Chemistry & transport

HorizontalVertical
max
min502500

Model Validation and Application

Validation & evaluation

Used validation & evaluation methods

analytic solutions
evaluated reference dataset
model intercomparison
additional validation & evaluation efforts
remarks

Application examples

application examplesBurzyński J., Godłowska J., Tomaszewska A.M., Rozwoda W., Walczewski J.: The calculated mixing height in comparison with the measured data. 9th Conf. On Harmonisation within Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling for Regulatory Purposes, Garnisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, 1-4.06.2004, Proceedings, Vol. 2, pos. 5.07, p. 24-28

Participation in specific model evaluation exercises

AQMEII
List experiments (AQMEII)
Cost728
List experiments (COST728)
HTAP
List experiments (HTAP)
MEGAPOLI
List experiments (MEGAPOLI)